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Senators Born Outside the United States


The president is constitutionally required to be natural born, but foreign–born senators need only nine years of U.S. citizenship to qualify for office. Constitutional qualifications to be a senator are specified in Article I, section 3.

Key:

* Born to American parents abroad
† Born in territories not yet incorporated into the U.S.

Filter by:
SenatorSenate ServiceBirth Place
ArmstrongDavid H. Armstrong (MO) 1877_18791877–1879 Canada
BairdDavid Baird (NJ) 1918_19191918–1919 Ireland
BakerEdward D. Baker (OR) 1860_18611860–1861 England
BeckJames B. Beck (KY) 1877_18901877–1890 Scotland
BenjaminJudah P. Benjamin (LA) 1853_18611853–1861 St. Croix
BoschwitzRudy Boschwitz (MN) 1978_19911978–1991 Germany
ButlerPierce Butler (SC) 1789_17961789–1796; 1802–1804 Ireland
CampbellGeorge W. Campbell (TN) 1811_18141811–1814; 1815–1818 Scotland
CasserlyEugene Casserly (CA) 1869_18731869–1873 Ireland
ConnessJohn Conness (CA) 1863_18691863–1869 Ireland
CouzensJames Couzens (MI) 1922_19361922–1936 Canada
DavisJames J. Davis (PA) 1930_19451930–1945 Wales
DudleyCharles E. Dudley (NY) 1829_18331829–1833 England
FairJames G. Fair (NV) 1881_18871881–1887 Ireland
FromentinEligius Fromentin (LA) 1813_18191813–1819 France
GallatinAlbert Gallatin (PA) 1793not seated Switzerland
GallingerJacob H. Gallinger (NH) 1891_19181891–1918 Canada
GoodingFrank R. Gooding (ID) 1921_19281921–1928 England
HarperWilliam Harper (SC) 18261826 Antigua
HayakawaSamuel I. Hayakawa (CA) 1977_19831977–1983 Canada
HironoMazie K. Hirono (HI) 20132013–present Japan
HughesWilliam Hughes (NJ) 1913_19181913–1918 Ireland
JacksonJames Jackson (GA) 1793_18061793–1795; 1801–1806 England
JohnsonMagnus Johnson (MN) 1923_19251923–1925 Sweden
JonesCharles W. Jones (FL) 1875_18871875–1887 Ireland
JonesJohn P. Jones (NV) 1873_19031873–1903 England
KearnsThomas Kearns (UT) 1901_19051901–1905 Canada
LarrazoloOctaviano A. Larrazolo (NM) 1928_19291928–1929 Mexico
LauranceJohn Laurance (NY) 1796_18001796–1800 England
LorimerWilliam Lorimer (IL) 1909_19121909–1912 England
LowrieWalter Lowrie (PA) 1819_18251819–1825 Scotland
MalloryStephen R. Mallory (FL) 1851_18611851–1861 Trinidad
MantleLee Mantle (MT) 1895_18991895–1899 England
MartinezMel Martinez (FL) 2005_20092005–2009 Cuba
McMillanJames McMillan (MI) 1889_19021889–1902 Canada
MillardJoseph H. Millard (NE) 1901_19071901–1907 Canada
MorrisRobert Morris (PA) 1789_17951789–1795 England
MosesJohn Moses (ND) 19451945 Norway
MurrayJames E. Murray (MT) 1934_19611934–1961 Canada
NelsonKnute Nelson (MN) 1895_19231895–1923 Norway
NicholsonSamuel D. Nicholson (CO) 1921_19231921–1923 Canada
PascoSamuel Pasco (FL) 1887_18991887–1899 England
PatersonWilliam Paterson (NJ) 1789_17901789–1790 Ireland
PattersonThomas M. Patterson (CO) 1901_19071901–1907 Ireland
PorterAlexander Porter (LA) 1833_18371833–1837 Ireland
RobertsonEdward V. Robertson (WY) 1943_19491943–1949 Wales
SchurzCarl Schurz (MO) 1869_18751869–1875 Germany
SewellWilliam J. Sewell (NJ) 1881_18871881–1887; 1895–1901 Ireland
ShieldsJames Shields (IL, MN, MO) 1849_18551849–1855; 1858–1859; 1879 Ireland
SimonJoseph Simon (OR) 1898_19031898–1903 Germany
SouléPierre Soulé (LA) 18471847; 1849–1853 France
StephensonIsaac Stephenson (WI) 1907_19151907–1915 Canada
SullivanPatrick J. Sullivan (WY) 1929_19301929–1930 Ireland
SutherlandGeorge Sutherland (UT) 1905_19171905–1917 England
TaggartThomas Taggart (IN) 19161916 Ireland
TiffinEdward Tiffin (OH) 1807_18091807–1809 England
WagnerRobert F. Wagner (NY) 1927_19491927–1949 Germany
WalshPatrick Walsh (GA) 1894_18951894–1895 Ireland
YuleeDavid L. Yulee (FL) 1845_18511845–1851; 1855–1861 St. Thomas
BennetMichael F. Bennet (CO) * 20092009–present India
CathcartCharles W. Cathcart (IN) * 1852_18531852–1853 Madeira
CruzTed Cruz (TX) * 20132013–present Canada
DuckworthTammy Duckworth (IL) * 20172017–present Thailand
HerbertFelix Hébert (RI) * 1929_19351929–1935 Canada
McCainJohn S. McCain III (AZ) * 1987_20181987–2018 Panama Canal Zone
NesmithJames W. Nesmith (OR) * 1861_18671861–1867 Canada
OliverGeorge T. Oliver (PA) * 1909_19171909–1917 Ireland
Van HollenChris Van Hollen (MD) * 20172017–present Pakistan
WeickerLowell P. Weicker, Jr. (CT) * 1971_19891971–1989 France
WetmoreGeorge P. Wetmore (RI) * 1895_19071895–1907; 1908–1913 England
BinghamHiram Bingham (CT) 1824_19331924–1933 Kingdom of Hawaii
BoulignyCharles D. J. Bouligny (LA) 1824_18291824–1829 Spanish Louisiana
DestréhanJean N. Destréhan (LA) 18121812 French Louisiana