Although the Senate had employed pages as messengers since 1829, until this history-making day, all had been male. Taking their places at the head of what would become a long succession of female pages were Paulette Desell, sponsored by Senator Jacob Javtis (R-NY), and Ellen McConnell, sponsored by Senator Charles Percy (R-IL). Three more female pages, Julie Price, Mari Iwashita, and Barbara Wheeler, served the Senate later that year. "It is simply a question of fundamental human fairness," Javits explained. "A question of whether half the population shall be deprived of an opportunity without a substantial reason."
The Constitution required that senators be divided into classes "so that one-third may be chosen every second Year." On May 14, 1789, the Senate implemented this requirement. A special committee divided the 20 serving senators into three balanced classes, with no class containing two members from the same state. The next day, May 15, 1789, a senator representing each class drew from a box one of three papers numbered 1, 2, and 3. The class of the senator who drew #1 would serve until 1791, #2 until 1793, and #3 until 1795. Senators arriving from newly admitted states would draw lots for assignment in a manner that would keep the classes balanced.
For the first time in its history, the Senate voted to acquit or convict a sitting president who had been impeached by the House of Representatives. By a 35-to-19 margin, one vote short of the required two-thirds majority, the Senate failed to convict and therefore remove from office President Andrew Johnson. A second roll-call vote on May 26 produced an identical outcome, and Johnson served out his term as U.S. president. One hundred and thirty-one years later, on February 12, 1999, the Senate voted to acquit another impeached president, William J. Clinton.