In October 1963 Senator Mike Mansfield anticipated a protracted debate over the civil rights bill proposed by President John F. Kennedy, so he recruited Charles Ferris, a trial attorney at the Justice Department, for the Democratic Policy Committee staff. In 1964 Ferris became the Policy Committee’s general counsel and staff director, a position he held until Mansfield’s retirement in 1977. As Ferris relates in these interviews, Senator Mansfield used the Policy Committee both as a legislative scheduling device and as a sounding board. Ferris’s 14 years with the Policy Committee began with the epic fight for passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and extended through the rush of Great Society legislation, the divisiveness of the Vietnam War, the Watergate investigation, and the resignation of President Richard Nixon. Throughout these tumultuous events, Ferris developed a profound respect for the Senate and its members and the unique role they played in the American legislative process. After leaving the Senate in 1977, Charles Ferris briefly served as chief counsel to House Speaker Thomas P. (Tip) O’Neill before being appointed chairman of the Federal Communications Commission.