In 1929 the Senate established the offices of party secretaries—an elected secretary for the majority and the minority parties. Carl Loeffler became the first Republican secretary and Edwin Halsey took that post for the Democrats. Party secretaries aid senators in many ways, including serving as principal staff members at party conferences. Spending most of their time in the Senate Chamber, party secretaries assist leadership in scheduling floor activities and advising senators on the progress of a bill. In a recent oral history interview, former Democratic Party secretary Martin Paone recalled working with Senate leaders of both parties, including Robert C. Byrd, Robert Dole, and George Mitchell.