It took Francis Bicknell Carpenter only six months to paint his 15-foot-wide canvas of the First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Lincoln. As the title suggests, the scene shows members of Abraham Lincolns cabinet gathered at the White House on July 22, 1862, to hear the president read his draft of the Emancipation Proclamation. Depicted in the painting are, from left to right: Edwin M. Stanton, secretary of war; Salmon P. Chase, secretary of the treasury; President Lincoln; Gideon Welles, secretary of the navy; Caleb B. Smith, secretary of the interior (standing); William H. Seward, secretary of state (seated); Montgomery Blair, postmaster general; and Edward Bates, attorney general. Soon after completing his masterpiece, Carpenter commissioned Alexander Hay Ritchie to create an engraving of the painting in hopes of advancing its popularity. Ritchie, who emigrated from Scotland in 1841, was a successful and accomplished painter and engraver of historical and allegorical subjects, and also created superb mezzotint portraits. The New York Evening Post predicted that the engraving would "take its place among the pictures which the people hang upon their walls to commemorate one of the great and most notable acts in the nations history."1 President Lincoln himself signed on as the first subscriber, requesting an artists proof.
1. Francis B. Carpenter, Six Months at the White House with Abraham Lincoln. The Story of A Picture. New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1867, appendix